This information is provided to advise you of safety precautions to be followed at home while taking any one of the following medications: tacrolimus, cyclosporine, mycophenolate, azathioprine or sirolimus.
These medication(s) are beneficial for your treatment, but can be harmful to healthy cells in the body of those who are not taking them. These precautions are recommended for the safety of others around you.
After taking your medication(s), they remain in your body for several days and are gradually removed in your urine and stool. However, small amounts may also be present in other body fluids such as blood, saliva, sweat, vomit, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk. While the risk is very low, it is important to follow the following recommendations:
- Family and friends can be near you, but they should avoid contact with your medications.
- After using the toilet put the lid down before flushing, flush twice and wash hands with soap and water.
- Family members should wear gloves and wash hands thoroughly when handling items or cleaning up anything that has become soiled with significant amount of your body fluids, vomit or anti-rejection medication spills.
- Clothing and bedding that is soiled with significant amount of body fluids should be handled with disposable gloves, placed in a separate laundry bag and washed in a separate load from other family member’s laundry.
- Dishes and cutlery do not have to be washed separately.
- Casual contact such as hugging, touching and kissing are safe.
- Sexual activities are safe for you and your partner once your incision has healed.
- Because small amounts of medication may be present in semen and vaginal fluids, it is recommended that a condom or a female condom be used to prevent body fluids from coming in contact with your partner.
- Pregnancy and any family planning should be avoided until discussed with the transplant team.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist for the most up to date information about breast-feeding.
- Unused and expired medications should be returned to the hospital or your drug store for disposal. Do not flush them down the toilet or discard in your garbage.